underground tunnel with green lighting

Going underground: the rise of Europe’s metro railways

Underground mass transit eased the pressures of rapid population growth, urban expansion and traffic congestion in major European cities during the first half of the 19th century.

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men and women working in a factory office

Europe at Work: explore industrial heritage and share your story of working life

The working world we inhabit today is rich and varied, and tells the story of technological and societal changes over time. Starting today, Europeana’s new season, ‘Europe at Work’, brings stories of our personal working lives together with archive material on industrial and labour-related heritage.

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‘In the Album of a Girl’: a Dutch Poet Laureate writes a poem in an album amicorum

How would you like having a poem composed especially for your friendship album? This is what happened to Elizabeth Adriana Staats (1823-1896). 

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Chapbooks: the poor person’s reading material

Books were expensive in Scotland between the 17th and 19th centuries. But literacy was comparatively high, and people were keen on reading. There was a large market for cheap, easy-to-get reading material: so-called street literature because it was simply sold on the streets.

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woman walking away from camera in a building with arches

Krzysztof Kieślowski’s Three Colours: Blue, White, Red: symbols of Europe at the end of the 20th century

Krzysztof Kieślowski’s Three Colours film trilogy can be interpreted as stories about Europe changing at the end of the 20th century, transforming into a continent of new possibilities, returning to universal concepts that became important in a new way.

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black and white photograph from above of a crowd of people, one man is facing the other way from all the others

#remember1989 and the Fall of the Iron Curtain by joining our blog parade

This year sees the 30th anniversary of an extraordinary year – 1989 – when walls crumbled and people of Central and Eastern Europe were united again.

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A story of migration: Krzysztof Kieślowski’s Three Colours White

Each of the films of Krzysztof Kieślowski’s Three Colours trilogy explores a topic from the French Revolution motto Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité. Three Colours: White addresses equality through the fate of Karol Karol (Zbigniew Zamachowski), the movie’s main character, a Polish man living in France. The film plays with the notion of emigration and return, and […]

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painting of people working in a brewery

Traditional beer brewing: hop’s horticultural heritage

With today’s craft beer movement, the origins of beer culture come more and more to the fore.

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group of people performing music on musical instruments

Adrian Willaert and the foundation of the Venetian School

Composer Adrian Willaert was born around 1490 in the Low Countries, and moved at a young age to Paris to study law at the Sorbonne. There, having met composer Jean Mouton, he decided to devote his life to music.

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hand written manuscript

Adriatic relationships: Carlo Goldoni’s La Dalmatina

The 18th century play La Dalmatina by Carlo Goldoni – sometimes referred to as ‘the Italian Molière’ – is a striking illustration of the relationship between Venice, Istria and Dalmatia.

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group of 10 men looking at newspapers

Reporting from the trenches: newspapers in World War I

During World War One, newspapers were the main source of information. With no radio or television or internet, there were other ways to get the latest news like word to mouth, the weekly newsreels in the cinema or the ongoing exchange of letters between soldiers at the front and their loved ones at home.

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illustration of man holding drum surrounded by other people

Visual identities: vintage newspaper mastheads from across Europe

Mastheads are one of the most striking features of newspapers. Often the first thing we see, they are designed to catch our attention and communicate the newspaper’s identity and attract readers.

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Vintage food advertising: a culinary tour through European newspapers

Our newspapers collection includes more than 4 million newspaper issues from around 20 countries.

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four men standing and speaking, one carrying a newspaper

The Treaty of Versailles: the end of World War I?

On this day 100 years ago, the Treaty of Versailles was signed.  The treaty officially ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It also imposed heavy reparations on Germany, considered by some as one of the factors leading to World War II.

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man in corner of photograph sitting in an empty cinema

Krzysztof Kieślowski: migratory filmmaker

‘It is the road that’s really interesting,’ said Krzysztof Kieślowski at his last public event before his death. ‘I think that’s just the way we are. We know where the goal is and reaching it is not really as interesting as the path. That’s very curious. I think it’s the same with films, just like […]

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painting of large group of people in a boat

‘I am the change’: refugees, art and activism

Throughout history, people have been forced to flee their homeland – from war, from persecution, from discrimination. Departure is the one common experience among the diverse and varied experiences of refugees.

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