Dead Sea Scrolls

The Temple Scroll, the longest of the Dead Sea ScrollsExactly 20 years ago, the oldest biblical manuscripts – the Dead Sea Scrolls – were made available to the public for the first time by the Huntington Library in the U.S.

Their importance, both religious and historical, is immense. As Prof. Fagan and Prof. Beck explain in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, the Dead Sea Scrolls demonstrate that “the Old Testament scripture was extremely fluid until its canonization around 100 CE”, and reveal another form of Judaism during the Second Temple period (between 515 BC and 70 CE).

On Europeana, you can view the longest of the Dead Sea Scrolls – the Temple Scroll. In this manuscript, the Lord speaks in the first person singular, as He does in the Torah, and the style emulates the language of the biblical book of Deuteronomy.

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