Nobel Prizes 2012: Peace

written by Neil on October 12, 2012 in Content and News with 2 comments

The winners of the 2012 Nobel prizes are being announced this week. So each day, we’ll be looking to see what Nobel-related content we have in Europeana.

Today, we congratulate the European Union, awarded the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize for six decades of work in advancing peace in Europe. The Nobel committee commented that the 27-nation EU had helped to transform Europe from a continent of war to a continent of peace.

The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to those who have ‘done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.’

Did you know that?

(Provided by the Norwegian Nobel Committee)

Mr Frédéric Passy : [photographie de presse] / Agence MeurissePhotograph of Frédéric Passy from the French National Library
(Public Domain)

Frédéric Passy was the first recipient of the Peace Prize in 1901 (with Jean-Henri Dunant). Passy was an economist and a politician and he maintained that free trade between independent nations promoted peace. Passy founded the first French Peace Society, which held a congress in Paris during the 1878 World Exhibition.

Madame Berthe Suttner [portrait] [photograph release] / [Agence Rol]Photograph of Berta von Suttner from the French National Library
(Public Domain)

Bertha von Suttner was the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Peace Prize (1905). Suttner became a leading figure in the peace movement with the publication of her novel, Die Waffen nieder! (‘Lay Down Your Arms!’) in 1889 and founded an Austrian pacifist organisation in 1891.