Jan van Goyen: landscape painter and tulip dealer

Jan van Goyen, prolific artist of the Dutch Golden Age, was born on 13 January 1596.

Van Goyen settled in The Hague, where he painted mostly landscapes, favouring the canals, villages and countryside of the area. He was rather prolific but his works rarely achieved high prices. To make them more cost effective to produce, he used inexpensive pigments and used them sparingly. He also added to his income by dabbling in art dealing, auctioneering and dealing in tulips and property! Despite his creativity, he ended up in great debt.

Jan was heavily influenced in his early years by his teacher, Esaias van de Velde. In turn, van Goyen’s work influenced many other painters – including one of his few pupils,  Jan Steen (who incidentally married van Goyen’s daughter).

Whilst Van Goyen’s early paintings incorporate van de Velde’s traits of a high level of detail, strong colour use and crowded scenes, his later works are noted for their large skyscapes with low horizons, monochrome colours and impressive atmospheres.

 'Portret van een onbekende man ()', Rijksmuseum, public domain

Is this Jan van Goyen? The title of  the drawing is ‘Portrait of an unknown man’, but it also bears a ‘former title’ of ‘Portrait of Jan van Goyen’.  The description is non-committal just telling us it’s a portrait of a man with a hat on!

Below is just a small selection of the nearly 500 drawings and paintings of van Goyen’s that you can find on Europeana (see them all here). These ones all come from the French National Library and the Rijksmuseum.

‘Gezicht op de Merwede voor Dordrecht, Rijksmuseum, public domain

‘Polderlandschap’, Rijksmuseum, public domain

‘[La mer et des barques de pêche] : [dessin] / [Jan Van Goyen], French National Library, public domain

‘Landschap met twee eiken’, Rijksmuseum, public domain

‘Dorpsgezicht met vrouw en kind in de dorpsstraat’, Rijksmuseum, public domain

‘Dorpskermis ()’, Rijksmuseum, public domain

‘Het Valkhof in Nijmegen’, Rijksmuseum, public domain

‘[Une tour] : [dessin] / [Jan Van Goyen]’, French National Library, public domain

‘Landschap met boerderij en rustende reiziger’, Rijksmuseum, public domain

‘[Un château fort avec tours, courtines et portes] : [dessin] / [Jan Van Goyen]’, French National Library, public domain

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