Latvia: Žaneta Jaunzeme-Grende

Arti­cle by Žaneta Jaunzeme-Grende, Minister for Culture: Latvian Song and Dance Celebration Tradition  During the 19th century, the tradition of public song celebration festivals as a European cultural phenomenon was born and spread as a patriotic movement, throughout several European countries, …


Belgium: Joke Schauvliege

Article by Joke Schauvliege, Flemish Minister for Environment, Nature and Culture: Jean Fouquet depicts the virgin Mary seated on a throne, as becomes the Queen of Heaven. His style is inspired by that of the Flemish Primitives and the painter brothers …


Spain: José Ignacio Wert

Article by José Ignacio Wert Ortega, Spain’s Minister of Education, Culture and Sport: Towards 776, a monk called Beatus, perhaps the abbot of the San Toribio Monastery in Liébana, wrote a book titled Commentaries on the Apocalypse, which enjoyed extraordinary success over five …


Romania: Irina Marin Cajal

 Article by Irina Sanda CAJAL MARIN, Undersecretary of State, Ministry of Culture and National Heritage: The Sleep, Constantin Brâncuşi Brâncuşi embodies, not only for me, but for anyone acquainted with his work, the universal Romanian. He is the artist whose sculptures …


Poland: Piotr Zuchowski

 Article by Piotr Zuchowski, Secretary of State, Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, Poland: One of the most valuable masterpieces of the Polish culture available through Europeana is the St. Florian Psalter dated at the turn of the 14th and 15th …


Netherlands: Halbe Zijlstra

Article by Halbe Zijlstra, State Secretary of Education, Culture and Science: “Ain’t nothing like the real thing”, is what Marvin Gaye used to sing back in the sixties. And it is this line that instantly came to my mind when I was …