Reading habits in the past

The shape of the text has influenced how, what and why we read. This is the first blog of the Rise of Literacy project, where we take you from papyri to universities, exploring literacy in Europe thanks to the digital …



Here be dragons

Dragons have played the role of bad guy in many a Western folk story or legend. They’ve been part of our literature and folklore as far back as we can remember (there’s one in Beowulf), and are still pervasive in …


Spain: José Ignacio Wert

Article by José Ignacio Wert Ortega, Spain’s Minister of Education, Culture and Sport: Towards 776, a monk called Beatus, perhaps the abbot of the San Toribio Monastery in Liébana, wrote a book titled Commentaries on the Apocalypse, which enjoyed extraordinary success over five …