Manuscripts

International Literacy Day 2018 with Rise of Literacy project

On September 8, International Literacy Day, established by UNESCO, is celebrated around the world. This year’s theme is ‘Literacy and skills development’. Literacy is strongly connected to improving people’s life and the growth of societies but they are still persisting challenges despite the global progress. For several weeks on this blog we have been exploring how […]

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Text Announcement in Manuscripts and Early Printed Books

Books didn’t always have title pages! The title page only developed gradually over the 15th and 16th centuries.  Before that time, different methods were used to announce the author(s), title, edition, place of publication, printer, publisher and publication date. The elements indicating the beginning and the closing of individual textual units in medieval manuscripts persisted […]

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Reading habits in the past

The shape of the text has influenced how, what and why we read. This is the first blog of the Rise of Literacy project, where we take you from papyri to universities, exploring literacy in Europe thanks to the digital preservation of precious textual works from collections across Europe. 2000 years ago, texts were written […]

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Autographs, operas and tubas: Richard Wagner on Europeana

When it comes to the life and works of the influential composer Richard Wagner (1813 – 1883), Europeana, once again, is able to bring together so much interesting material from many cultural institutions across Europe. First of all, there is his music: early recordings of Wagner’s epic four-part Ring cycle, starting with Das Rheingold, then […]

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Here be dragons

Dragons have played the role of bad guy in many a Western folk story or legend. They’ve been part of our literature and folklore as far back as we can remember (there’s one in Beowulf), and are still pervasive in our culture today. You probably heard the story about St George slaying a dragon. But […]

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Spain: José Ignacio Wert

Article by José Ignacio Wert Ortega, Spain’s Minister of Education, Culture and Sport: Towards 776, a monk called Beatus, perhaps the abbot of the San Toribio Monastery in Liébana, wrote a book titled Commentaries on the Apocalypse, which enjoyed extraordinary success over five centuries. Thanks to his vast culture, Beato compiled in this text, as a summa, many other […]

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Poland: Piotr Zuchowski

 Article by Piotr Zuchowski, Secretary of State, Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, Poland: One of the most valuable masterpieces of the Polish culture available through Europeana is the St. Florian Psalter dated at the turn of the 14th and 15th century. A manuscript of priceless value for the history of Polish culture and the Polish […]

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Czech Republic: Alena Hanáková

Arti­cle by Alena Hanáková, Minister of Culture of the Czech Republic: Velislav’s Bible (Velislai biblia picta): Czech “comics” from the mid 14th Century If there is a media that suits the current time best then it is neither a book nor photograph or fine art, perhaps not a film either – but it is most likely […]

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