August 1 – One of the most renowned victims of the Holocaust, Anne Frank made her last diary entry in 1944. Three days later, the Frank family was discovered and arrested by the Nazis.
August 2 – The opera house La Scala (Teatro alla Scala) opened in Milan in 1778.
August 4 – Elizabeth, Queen Mother Of England, was born in 1900.
August 5 – French writer Guy de Maupassant, known as one of the fathers of the modern short story, was born in 1850.
August 6 – American pop-artist Andy Warhol was born in 1928.