The winners of the 2012 Nobel prizes are being announced this week. So each day, we’ll be looking to see what Nobel-related content we have in Europeana.
Today, we congratulate the European Union, awarded the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize for six decades of work in advancing peace in Europe. The Nobel committee commented that the 27-nation EU had helped to transform Europe from a continent of war to a continent of peace.
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to those who have ‘done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.’
Did you know that?
- The oldest Peace Prize Laureate ever is Josef Rotblat, who received the Prize in 1995 at the age of 87, while the youngest of all time is Tawakkol Karman, who was 32 the year she received the Prize.
- Only 15 women have received the Nobel Peace Prize: Bertha von Suttner (1905), Jane Addams (1931), Emily Greene Balch (1946), Mairead Corrigan (1977), Betty Williams (1977), Mother Teresa (1979), Alva Myrdal (1982), Aung San Suu Kyi (1991), Rigoberta Menchú Tum (1992), Jody Williams (1997), Shirin Ebadi (2003), Wangari Maathai (2004), Tawakkol Karman (2011), Leymah Gbowee (2011), and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (2011).
- The great Indian advocate of non-violence Mahatma Gandhi was never awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
(Provided by the Norwegian Nobel Committee)
Frédéric Passy was the first recipient of the Peace Prize in 1901 (with Jean-Henri Dunant). Passy was an economist and a politician and he maintained that free trade between independent nations promoted peace. Passy founded the first French Peace Society, which held a congress in Paris during the 1878 World Exhibition.
Bertha von Suttner was the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Peace Prize (1905). Suttner became a leading figure in the peace movement with the publication of her novel, Die Waffen nieder! (‘Lay Down Your Arms!’) in 1889 and founded an Austrian pacifist organisation in 1891.