industrial heritage

room in which there are rows of machinery

Textile technology: Joseph-Marie Jacquard and the loom that changed the world

Between 1801 and 1806, French weaver Joseph-Marie Jacquard developed a machine that was then seen as one of the most important technological advancements in history: the Jacquard Loom.

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man smoking pipe and wearing a hat in front of an industrial landscape

The Bor Mine in Serbia: labour and landscape throughout the 20th century

Mining has been taking place in Bor, eastern Serbia, for centuries – intensified and industrialised since the discovery of copper ore in the early 1900s. This blog explores the 20th century industrial heritage of mining in Bor.

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women sitting at long tables working with flowers, large piles of flowers are in the foreground

The fragrance factory: Roure-Bertrand Fils and the perfume industry in Grasse

When we spray on perfume, how often do we think about how the fragrance was made? The process to extract fragrances and oils from flowers is a perfect blend of nature, science and industry, as illustrated beautifully by this short book about Roure-Bertrand Fils factory in Grasse, France.

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large number of people working at benches in a factory

Fàbrica Gròber: the rise and fall of an industrial landmark in Girona

Fàbrica Gròber, a textile factory specialised in trimmings, buttons and haberdashery, is a landmark of Girona history, even today 40 years after it closed. This blog looks at the rich history of the factory which offered jobs and economic prosperity and modernised culture and society in its region.

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porcelain staute of a man writing at a desk

From quills to typewriters: how the industrial revolution changed our writing culture

Documents written centuries ago are fascinating, revealing not only the thoughts of those who wrote them but a history of how they were written. This blog looks at the changes in the way we have expressed our thoughts through the written word since the industrial revolution.

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Radiomottaker

Philips: illuminating the world from Eindhoven

Learn how two Dutch brothers who wanted to make a lightbulb factory started the multinational concern.

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black and white photograph of a large early industrial works

Ironopolis: Bolckow Vaughan and the growth of Middlesbrough

Industrial heritage can be ephemeral – the buildings where we work can disappear and are not always seen as important reminders of the past. This is certainly the case with the ironworks and steelworks of Bolckow & Vaughan, which drove the growth of Middlesbrough.

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a man and a woman harvesting potatoes

Farming landscapes in Scandinavia: how industrial agriculture transformed rural life

Agriculture lies at the heart of social developments all over the world. Farming has transformed the lives of farmers, and also people and nature worldwide.

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two men and several women sit around a sign with number 100 on it

Centenary celebrations: eight firms that are 100 years old in 2019

1919 was an industrious year, with many organisations we know today being founded.

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young girl working in a mill

Children in the machine: Lewis Hine’s photography and child labour reform

Pioneering photographer Lewis Hine‘s images of industry and labour led to reform and changing laws.

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‘A woman’s work is never done’: women’s working history in Europe

Long before the home office was invented, working at home was already commonplace for one group within society: women.

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aerial view of a river in which timber logs are floating

Taming the rivers: log driving in Sweden and Finland

In the 19th century, the forest industry in northern Europe started to grow steadily. Log driving – a cheap and fast way to transport logs – was critical in meeting the growing demand throughout Europe for sawn wood and square-cut timber.

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underground tunnel with green lighting

Going underground: the rise of Europe’s metro railways

Underground mass transit eased the pressures of rapid population growth, urban expansion and traffic congestion in major European cities during the first half of the 19th century.

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men and women working in a factory office

Europe at Work: explore industrial heritage and share your story of working life

Europeana’s new season, ‘Europe at Work’, brings stories of our personal working lives together with archive material on industrial and labour-related heritage.

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painting of people working in a brewery

Traditional beer brewing: hop’s horticultural heritage

With today’s craft beer movement, the origins of beer culture come more and more to the fore.

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